Introduction of Tomioka Silk Mill of UNESCO World Heritage and Kouzuke sanpi of UNESCO Memory of the World in Gunma

For you foreign tourists coming to Japan to have experience of Japanese historical & traditional spots and culture, it might be sometimes difficult for you to understand the background of them even if you feel impressive of those objects with tour guide detail explanation at the tour. The reason of above is that foreign people, even almost Japanese people and myself have not well understood the whole image of the history of Japan comparing with that of Western & Orient specially from ancient period to Meiji restoration.

Therefore, you might not be able to catch the meaning of the historical importance or surprise of those impressive objects such as Tomioka Silk Mill of UNESCO World Heritage and Kouzuke sanpi of UNESCO Memory of the World which are located in Gunma prefecture.  Those two spots registered by UNESCO of the World are in same city of Tomioka located with only 20 minutes train distance each other.

I created the history the table of Japan from ancient to Meiji restoration comparing with World.
You can find the two spots in the table with red letter.
One is Kouzuke sanpi in the year from 671 to 726 and Tomioka Silk Mill in the year of 1872.
I will describe what is the important historical fact for these two spots in my following blogs.

Name of Era

Name of culture

Years

History of Japan

History of Western & Orient

Jyomon-era

BC5000~200

 

BC4000

 

Egypt, Mesopotamian civilization

 

 

BC2000

 

Pyramid,   Yellow river ,Indus civilization

 

 

BC1200

 

Aegean civilization,

 

 

BC750

 

Rome founded, Greek civilization

 

 

BC550

 

Buddha, Confucius born

 

 

BC220

 

Shikoutei the first Qin Emperor unified China.

 

 

 

 

BC4: Christ born,

 

Acient Era: AD~593

Yayoi culture

AD57

King of Na gold seal

AD30: Christ execution, AD140: new testament,

 

Yamataikoku(historical Japanese state thought to have existed during the late Yayoi period)

 

Himiko became queen of the state

Three Kingdoms in China

 

Tomb culture: Yamato Imperial Court

391

 

Germanic migration,

 

 

538

The introduction of Buddhism

479: Western Roman Empire

Yamato-Era: 593~710

Asuka culture

593

Shotokutaishi became prince regent

589: Sui (dynaty of China)

 

Hakuho culture

607

Shotokutaishi dispatched Ononoimoko to Sui. Shotokutaishi founded Horyuji-tempe

628: Origin of sensoji-temple founded.

618: Tang (dynasty of China)

 

 

630

Japanese missions to Tang china had began.

 

 

 

645

Taika Reform

671: Yamanoue-hi founded (one of the tombstone of Kouzuke-Sanpi / UNESCO Memory of the World

 

 

 

 

 

672

Jinshin War

 

 

 

701

Taiho Code

 

Nara era: 710~794

Tenpyo culture

710

Transfer of capital to ancient Nara

711: Tago-hi founded(one of the tombstone of Kouzuke-Sanpi / UNESCO Memory of the World

726: Kanaizawa-hi founded(one of the tombstone of Kouzuke-Sanpi / UNESCO Memory of the World

 

 

 

 

745

Todaiji-temple, the colossal Buddha of Nara were founded.

780: The origin of Kiyomizu temple founded.

 

Heian era :794~1185

 

794

Transfer of capital to ancient Kyoto

 

 

 

805

Saicho: Tendai sect of Buddhism

 

 

 

806

Kukai: Shingon sect

 

 

Fujiwara culture

 

The Phoenix Hall of Byodoin was founded.

962: Holy roman empire was founded.

 

 

1095

Samurai worriers had began to appear.

1063: Tsuruoka-hachimangu shrine founded.

 

 

 

1175

Honen: Pure land sect of Buddhism

 

Kamakura rea: 1185~1321

Kamakura culture

1185

Battle of Dan-no-ura, Heike extinction

 

 

 

1191

Eisai: Rinzai school

1206: Chinggis khan unified Mongolia

 

 

1224

Shinran: Jodo-shin sect

 

 

 

1227

Dogen: Soto Zen

 

 

 

1253

Nichiren: Nichiren sect

 

 

 

1274

Bunei War (Mondai invation of Japan)

1271: Marc O’Polo: The travels of Marco Polo

 

 

1275

Ippen: Jishu sect

1279: Khubilai unified all China

 

 

1281

Khoan War (Mondai invation of Japan)

 

Nanboku-cho period: 1321~1399

 

1333

Kamakura Shogunate was ruined.

1338: England,France the Hundred Years’ War

 

 

1392

Nanboku-cho was unified.

 

 

Kitayama culture: Noh and Kyogen started.

1397

Kinkakuji founded

1453: East roma empire was ruined.

Muromachi era: 1399~1573

 

1467~1477

War of Onin

 

 

Higashiyama culture: painting in Chinese ink

 

 

 

Civil war era: 1480~1590

 

1489

Ginkakuji-temple founded

 

 

 

1543

Portugal transferred firearm to Japan

 

 

 

1549

Christianity was transferred.

 

Azuchi-Momoyama period: 1573~1600

 

1573

Muromachi Shogunate was ruined.

 

 

 

1576

Oda Nobunaga spread military force under heavens.

 

 

Momoyama culture: tea ceremony started

1590

Toyotomio Hideyoshi unified Japan.

 

Edo era: 1600~1867

 

1600

Battle of Sekigahara

 

 

 

1603

Tokugawa Iyeyasu became Shogun of Japan

1618~1648: Germany thirty years’ war

 

 

1612

Christianity was prohibited.

1617: Nikko Toshogu founded.

 
 

 

1637

Sankin-Kotai system started.

 
 

 

1639

Policy of seclusion had started.

1652~54: England & Holland War

 

Genroku culture: Kabuki, and Ukiyoe started

1684: Sumo as current style of promotion started.

1657

Great fire of Meireki in Edo occurred.

 
   

1702

Ako Roshi (forty-seven ronin) revenged for their load.of Ako castle.

1701: Industrial revolution started.

   

 

 

1765: Steve engine technology was renovated by Watt/England

   

 

 

1775~1783: American war of Independence

     

 

1776: United States Declaration of Independence

   

1782~1787

Great Tenmei famine

1789: French revolution

 

Kasei culture: Ukiyoe flourished such as Katsushika-Hokusai, Kitagawa-Utamaro, Utagawa-Hirishige and Toshusai-Sharaku

 

 

1806: Holy roman empire ruined.

   

1833~1839

Great Tenpo famine

 
   

1853

Pery / USA Expedition

 
   

1854

Conclusion of the Convention of Kanagawa

 
   

1858

Treaty of Amity and Commerce between USA and Japan

1861: Civil War in USA

Meiji Era: 1867~1912

 

1867

Restoration of imperial rule

 
   

1868

Meiji restoration established

 
     

New modernized country Japan started to realize rich country, industrial development and educational system establishment by importing advanced technology and political system from Western countries.

1872: Tomioka Silk Mill was founded which has been registered UNESCO World Heritage List as “Tomioka Silk Mill and Related Sites”. Meiji government built the first full-scale silk-reeling factory adopting Western advanced technologies. This is one of the most important project for Japan to become modernized country to catch up western country.

1871: German unified

                                                                                         By Kashima

 

 

 

 

 

 

Top